Despite the efforts by concerned professionals, a void, in the field of security studies in Bangladesh, both traditional and non-traditional, is vivid. This has served as an impetus for the publication of an annual report on national security by the Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS). This volume is the second one and covers the developments in the year 2008. It offers multidisciplinary and multidimensional analyses of national security to bring out the challenges to security at the national, regional and international levels. It also explores the ways and means of addressing these challenges. The work deals with broad areas such as systemic aspects of national security, traditional security, interface between national security and foreign policy, non-traditional security, food security, the role of civil society organizations in ensuring national security and a wide range of relevant issues in the context of Bangladesh’s security predicaments. It is the outcome of inexhaustible dispassionate efforts employed from objective perspectives by a team of professional researchers in the field. It is, thus, a significant contribution to the security studies in Bangladesh. The book will provide new thoughts and ideas to the scholars involved in security studies, generating new interest among the academic, media, government officials, business circles, representatives from the civil society and NGO’s as well as all other concerned professionals.