Protracted conflicts, unequal burden sharing, climate change, globalization, and shifting policies regarding immigration, asylum, work and development are changing the nature of forced displacements and blurring the line between forced migration and economic migration. This book looks at migration dynamics of South and Southeast Asia examining these shifts to contribute to a more interdisciplinary and comprehensive picture of migration for both research and policy-making. We highlight research about migration patterns of groups that are often invisible in the study of migration—women, IPDs, environmental refugees and migrants, South-South migrants, and those that stay behind. Questions addressed in this book include:
•How do the causes and consequences of the vulnerabilities of refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), trafficked peoples and migrant workers intersect and diverge?
•How do these groups respond to and manage the challenges that their vulnerabilities pose?
•What do the commonalities and specificities imply for how responsibilities should be distributed among nation-states, the international community, and regional and local actors?
•How are these processes mediated by gender and other identity dimensions implicated in movement of peoples?
Changing Nature of Forced Migration: A Vulnerability Framework
Part 1: Climate Change, Development and Security> Natural Disasters and Forced Migration: The Case of Tsunami Disaster in Sri Lanka / Migration Doesn’t Have to be a Failure to Adapt: An Escape from Environmental Determinism / Factors Influencing Environmental Induced Migration in Sanjiangyuan Area in China / Forced Displacement: A Gendered Analysis of the Tehri Dam Project
Part 2: Legal and Policy Frameworks> Immigration, Global Poverty and the Right to Stay / Protection without Laws: A Look into the Arbitrariness and Discrimination in Refugee Management in Bangladesh / International Law, Forced Migrations and the Responsibility to Protect--The Examples of Canada, South and South-East Asia / Vulnerability of Migrants and Responsiveness of the State: The Case of Unskilled Migrant Workers in Kerala, India / Women’s Displacement Experiences: Anthropological Study of Flood IDPs Camp Sukkur, Sindh
Part 3 Coping Mechanims> Crisis Coping Strategies in Bangladesh / Economic Hardship and its Coping Mechanism among Boro Tribal Internally Displaced Persons of India
Part 4: Politics of Belonging, Settlement, and Identity> Biharis in Bangladesh: A Baseline Survey of Camp Clusters in Dhaka and Khulna / Partial Citizenship and the Construction of Self via Financial Capital: A Case Study of Legal Bank Account for Illegal Burmese Migrant Workers in Thailand / Crossing Borders and Shifting Identities: Afghan Women on Move / Does Religion Facilitate or Impede Migration? A Debate from Gender Perspective in Asia / Migration as an Adaptation Strategy: What Impact for Urban Integration? A Case Study of Bangladesh Slums in the Light of Environmentally Induced Migration
Epilogue: Vulnerabilities and Responsibilities in Forced Migration: Direction for Further Research